• Cardiovascular health
• Eye function
• Sports nutrition
Serving Size: 1 Capsule... %DV
Astaxanthin (from 40 mg... 4 mg... †
† Daily Value not established
What Is It?
Astaxanthin is a unique carotenoid found in abundance in marine environments, particularly among algae. Astaxanthin is what gives red algae their colour and subsequently salmon their pink flesh when they consume the algae. Astaxanthin is considered a far more powerful antioxidant than beta-carotene or vitamin E.
What Does It Do?
Primary Uses: Unlike most other antioxidants, astaxanthin is unique in that it does not turn into a free radical itself after quenching one, and can quench numerous radicals in a row. This allows it to protect cell membrane lipids from free radical damage.
Secondary Uses: The ability of astaxanthin to reduce eye fatigue related to computer usage is well-established. It may also help reduce blood sugar and blood pressure, and may help reduce gastric pain and heartburn related to digestive upset. Several studies have also found astaxanthin to increase muscular endurance, improving sports performance.
Who Should Take It?
Astaxanthin is primarily a unique and powerful antioxidant with a range of additional benefits for the eyes, the heart and physical endurance.
Take 1-2 capsules daily with food, or as directed by a qualified health care practitioner.
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Lignell et al. (1999). 12th International Carotenoid Symposium, Cairns, Queensland, Australia. The safety, tolerability and efficacy of the antioxidant Astaxanthin in the treatment of Helicobacter pylori infection.
Malmsten C. (1998) Dietary supplementation with astaxanthin rich algae meal improves muscle endurance – a double blind study on male students. Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden (Unpublished).
Miki W., Biological functions and activities of animal carotenoids. Pure and Appl. Chem. 1991; 63:141-6.
Nagaki Y, et al. (2002) Effects of Astaxanthin on accommodation, critical flicker fusions, and pattern evoked potential in visual display terminal workers. J. Trad. Med., 19(5): 170-173.
Naito T, et al. (2004) Prevention of diabetic nephropathy by treatment with astaxanthin in diabetic db/db mice. Biofactors 20: 49-59.
Sawaki K, et al. (2002) Sports performance benefits from taking natural astaxanthin characterized by visual activity and muscle improvements in humans. Journal of Clinical Therapeutics & Medicine 18(9): 73-88.
Shimizu N, et al. Carotenoids as singlet oxygen quenchers in marine organisms. Fisheries Sci. 1996; 62:134-7.
Uchiyama K, et al. (2002) Astaxanthin protects cells against glucose toxicity in diabetic db/db mice. Redox Report 7(5): 290-292.
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