Joint cartilage is dynamic, living tissue that requires a constant supply of many nutrients to maintain structure and function and to resist degeneration from traumatic injury and from normal "wear and tear" which occurs with everyday activities. Use for osteo and rheumatoid arthritis, degenerative and inflammatory joint disease, and cartilage and soft tissue repair.
Three (3) capsules supply:
Vitamin C (as ascorbic acid) 180 mg
Niacin (as niacinamide) 50 mg
Pantothenic Acid (as calcium pantothenate) 45 mg
Folic Acid 200 mcg
Vitamin B12 (as cobalamin) 3 mcg
Manganese (as manganese gluconate) 6 mg
Glucosamine (from glucosamine HCl++) 1,000 mg
Purified chondroitin sulfate (bovine) 500 mg
MSM (methylsulfonylmethane) 100 mg
Saccharum Officinarum extract (shoots) 25 mg
Superoxide Dismutase (from vegetable culture) 20 mcg
Catalase (from vegetable culture) 20 mcg
Glucosamine (1000 mg elemental) 1,250 mg derived from glucosamine HCl
3 capsules one (1) time each day as a dietary supplement or as otherwise directed by a health care professional.
Independent research and additional information
Van Blitterswijk WJ, van de Nes JC, Wuisman PI. Glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate supplementation to treat symptomatic disc degeneration: biochemical rationale and case report. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2003 Jun 10;3( 1):2
Ledon N, Casaco A, Rodriguez V, Cruz J, Gonzalez R, Tolon Z, Cano M, Rojas E. Anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects of a mixture of fatty acids isolated and purified from sugar cane wax oil. Planta Med. 2003 Apr;69( 4):367-9
Lippiello L, Woodward J, Karpman R, Hammad TA. In vivo chondroprotection and metabolic synergy of glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate. Clin Orthop. 2000 Dec;( 381):229-40
Leffler CT, Philippi AF, Leffler SG, Mosure JC, Kim PD. Glucosamine, chondroitin, and manganese ascorbate for degenerative joint disease of the knee or low back: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled pilot study. Mil Med. 1999 Feb;164( 2):85-91
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