Helps improve and support cardiac function.
• hawthorn (Crataegus monogyna)
• motherwort (Leonurus cardiaca)
• astragalus (Astragalus membranaceus)
• Korean ginseng (Panax ginseng)
• lily of the valley (Convallaria majalis)*
• foxglove (Digitalis purpurea) *
* Note: cardiac glysosides (Found in foxglove & lily of the valley) are toxic relative to the other cardiac toniccs. Some herbal texts do not consider cardiac glycoside “cardiotonics”.
Hoffman D. Medical Herbalism. Rochester, Vermont: Healing Arts Press, 2003.
Barnes J, Anderson LA, Phillipson JD. Herbal Medicines, 3rd ed. London: Pharmaceutical Press, 2007.
Bone K. Principles and Practice of Phytotherapy. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 2000.
Bone K. A Clinical Guide to Blending Liquid Herbs: Herbal Formulations for the Individual Patient. St Louis, MO: Churchill Livingstone, 2003.
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