|Family:||Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus|
Globe artichoke is used both as a food and an herb. Research supports its traditional use in treating cardiovascular disease. It is an anti-hyperlipidemic agent that lowers "bad” cholesterol & raises “good” cholesterol. It contains various antioxidants that reduce the oxidation of cholesterol. This dual action helps prevent atherosclerosis and prevent heart disease.
It is an important digestive bitter, used to stimulate sluggish digestion. In addition to herbal extracts, it can be consumed as a vegetable or as a liquor in an aperitif. Artichoke stimulates all digestive juices and in particular, it increases the production and release of bile to help fat digestion and liver detoxification. Some of its constituents have hepatoprotective effects, and research suggest it might benefit those suffering from fatty liver disease.
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