• flatulent dyspepsia
• abdominal distension
• neuralgias (topically)
• peripheral neuropathy
• migraines (topically)
• cluster headaches (topically)
• rheumatic conditions
• rheumatoid arthritis
• poor circulation
- Raynaud's syndrome
• thins mucous in conditions with lung or sinus congestion
• sluggish metabolism
• Phenolic-Alkylamides (Capsaicinoid)
• Volatile Oils
• Tincture (1:5 in 25% EtOH): 0.25-1 ml tid
• Infusion: 0.5-1 tsp in cup of boiling water and take 1 tbsp of the mixture
• Liquid extract (1:1 in 25% EtOH): 1-3 ml tid
• Creams (0.02-0.05%): as needed
Caution: Avoid contact with exposed and/or sensitive tissues.
Side effects: May cause GI irritation in sensitive individuals. May aggravate GERD. May aggravate dry cough.
• ACE inhibitors • may cause dry cough.
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Bone K. Principles and Practice of Phytotherapy. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 2000.
Bone K. A Clinical Guide to Blending Liquid Herbs: Herbal Formulations for the Individual Patient. St Louis, MO: Churchill Livingstone, 2003.
Brinker F. The Toxicology of Botanical Medicines, 3rd ed. Sandy, Oregon: Eclectic Medical Publications, 2000.
Felter HW, Lloyd JU. King's American Dispensatory. 1898. http://www.ibiblio.org/herbmed/eclectic/kings/main.html. Accessed: August 19, 2006.
Hoffman D. Medical Herbalism. Rochester, Vermont: Healing Arts Press, 2003.
Weiss RF. Herbal Medicine. Beaconsfield, England: Beaconsfield Publishers Ltd, 1988.
Williamson EM, ed. Major Herbs of Ayurveda. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 2002
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