Bilberries grow in Northern Europe and are closely related to North American blueberries. Bilberries have a higher concentration of anthocyanins (i.e. blue pigment) than blueberries, making them more astringent.
Bilberries offer excellent antioxidant protection and have documented benefit to help improve both cholesterol and blood sugar. Billberry may have an affinity for the eyes helping protect them against macular degeneration. It may improve vascular health in general and has been used for venous insuffiency.
Bilberry's astringency makes them effective for various forms of diarrhea and in partiuclar their gentle action makes them an ideal treatment for children's diarrhea. Research shows they have some antibacterial and also antiparasitic activty against giardia. Animal studies suggests that it may benefit patients suffering from colitis.
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